Since osteoporosis has becomee, international as well as national organizations developed useful and relevant osteoporosis screening guidelines. Among the organizations that develop these guidelines are National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF) and National Osteoporosis Guideline Group (NOGG).These two organizations formulated osteoporosis screening guidelines that are compliant with criteria set by World Health Organization.
The tool often utilized for osteoporosis screening is FRAX Assessment Tool; it was created by WHO to help organizations.
Only this year,a more recent set of osteoporosis screening guidelines for the United States were suggested by the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF).
Lately, some guidelines have been modified, which includes early screening for women aged between 50-64 years old.
The reason for such updates is early determination of bone fracture risk that can possibly occur in the next ten years. Also, screening a younger woman is important because there can be contributory factors that can lead to osteoporosis. For example, women who are too health conscious can resort to over exercise making them miss their monthly period. If such women always subject themselves to strenous work-outs, these fitness conscious women can be impaired by osteoporosis. It is also possible that women who consume too much alcohol or smoke heavily are exposing themselves to osteoporosis.
Nowadays, various tests are done for osteoporosis screening. Among these tests is dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) which measures bone density on spine, hip and wrist because these are the areas often affected by osteoporosis. Certain tests like ultrasound, CT scanning and single photon absorptiometry are often part of the screening process suggested by doctors.
Nonetheless, people must also understand some risks concerning osteoporosis screening. Actually, some specialists do not suggest early screening for women who are at low-risk for osteoporosis. Why? The results can indicate a false positive which eventually leads to taking medications that can be harmful to women. Osteoporosis screening has its own advantages and disadvantages so it pays to be informed.
Tags: osteoporosis screening, frax assessment tool, national osteoporosis foundation, osteoporosis, nogg